Henderson Prize for the Advancement of Liberty


J. Alleyne
Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége)
László Antal
József Antall
Anti-Slavery Society
Apostles of Jesus Christ
Armed Forces of France (Rochambeau, Lafayette, deGrasse)
Armed Forces of the United States of America (Washington)
Sarah Banks
Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux
Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent
Thomas Fowell Buxton
Candidates, Presidency of the United States of America, Election of 1800
Catholic Church of Poland (Wyszynski, Glemp)
Charter 77 (Charta 77)
Christian Missions in the Caribbean Colonies of England/Great Britain, Hanoverian Era
Citizens' Committee Solidarity (Komitet Obywatelski Solidarność)
Civic Forum (Občanské Fórum)
Thomas Clarkson
Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted (VONS)
Seventh Congress of the United States of America (1801-1803)
Constitutional Convention of the United States of America, 1787
First Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
Quobna Ottobah Cugoano
Serjeant William Davy
Democratic Awakening (Demokratischer Aufbruch)
Alexander Dubcek
John Dunning, 1st Baron Ashburton
Olaudah Equiano
Alexander Falconbridge
Federation of Young Democrats (Fiatal Demokraták Szövetsége)
Christian Führer
Hans-Dietrich Genscher
Carlos Glidden
Serjeant John Glynn
Gospels of Jesus Christ, Authors
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
Johannes Gutenberg
Francis Hargrave
Václav Havel
Henry I, King of England
Henry III, King of England
Elizabeth Heyrick
Hungarian Democratic Forum (Magyar Demokrata Fórum)
Independent Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarity (NZPP Solidarność)
Initiative for Peace and Human Rights (Initiative Freiheit und Menschenrechte)
János Kádár
Helmut Kohl
Anne Knight
Stephen Langton
László Lengyel
Thomas Lewis
Mary Lloyd
John Locke
Sir James Mansfield
William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke
Lothar de Maziére
William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield
Zachary Macaulay
Tadeusz Mazowiecki
Augustin Navratil
Miklós Németh
Neues Deutschland, official newspaper of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany
New Forum (Neues Forum)
John Newton
Rezso Nyers
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Parliament of England, 1297
Parties to the Magna Carta of 1215
Elizabeth Pease
Sir Robert Peel
James Phillips
Imre Pozsgay
Public Against Violence (Veřejnost Proti Násilí)
James Ramsay
Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) of England/Great Britain, Hanoverian Era
Rural Solidarity (Wiejska Solidarność)
Samuel Rutherford
Granville Sharp
William Sharp
Christopher Latham Sholes
Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei)
Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade
James Somerset
James Somerset, Benefactors for (Elizabeth Cade, John Marlow, Thomas Walkin)
Samuel W. Soulé
Jonathan Strong
Sophia Sturge
Márton Tardos
Cardinal Frantisek Tomasek
Lucy Townsend
Volkskammer of the German Democratic Republic, 1989-1990 session, Günther Maleuda presiding
Lech Walesa
Josiah Wedgwood
William Wilberforce
Workers' Defense Committee (Komitet Obrony Robotnikow)



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Awarded Sunday, May 30, 2004


The Apostles of Jesus Christ: Andrew, Bartholomew, James son of Alphaeus, James son of Zebedee, John son of Zebedee, Jude (aka Thaddeus), Matthew, Simon Peter, Philip, Simon the Zealot, Thomas, Matthias, Paul of Tarsus

The Authors of the Gospels of Jesus Christ: John, Luke, Matthew, John Mark

With Matthias, who had been elected to replace Judas after the latter's death (Acts 1:12-26), Jesus' original disciples sparked a schism within Judaism on a Day of Pentecost some time during the rule of Pontius Pilate as Prefect over Samaria, Judea, and Idumea (26-36 AD). They proclaimed that Jesus was the prophesied Messiah, that He had risen from the dead, and that His death was a substitutionary punishment for the sins of humanity, allowing those recognizing and accepting the sacrifice to enter eternal relationship with God. Originally, Messianic prophecy had been interpreted as a promise of deliverance for Jews only, but Peter led the church to accept its promise to the Gentiles as well (Acts 11:1-18). Paul of Tarsus, then known as Saul, originally fought against this movement. After an encounter with Jesus (Acts 9:1-19) he joined its ranks as the thirteenth Apostle of Christ; he identifies himself as such in eight of his letters (ex: 1 Tim. 1:1).

Given its nature, this prize concerns only one of the vast array of interrelated doctrines under the umbrella of Christianity: the formal philosophy professing that God values all humans and values them equally - or, as worded in the Declaration of Independence, "all Men are created equal." Paul expressed this ethic explicitly in his letter to the Galatians: "There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus" (Gal. 3:28). Jesus illustrated this principle in various ways:

Christianity champions due process, which must be present to ensure liberty and which cannot exist without duly empowered officials, whose authority must be heeded according to Paul's entreaties (Rom. 13:1, Eph. 6:5). What is to be done when authority conflicts with liberty? One such example is when officials exercise powers not delegated to them, as the Sanhedrin did when it forbade Peter's evangelism (Acts 5:21-26); Peter simply disobeyed the illegal edict.

Political reform is not addressed in the New Testament, so later generations of Christians would apply deductive reasoning to determine the biblical framework for getting rid of bad laws, bad politicians, and bad governments. If due process is king, then would-be political reformers must follow whatever rules exist for changing laws and ousting officials. But what about entire governments? The authors of the Declaration of Independence determined rightly that if due process cannot exist without human authority, human authority cannot exist without due process, and any governing body (such as King George III) that completely abolishes due process no longer has authority and is therefore subject to impeachment by force.

The list of awardees is probably much shorter than it should be. For simplicity I chose to list the chief leaders of the original church and the men who preserved the words of Christ. Why isn't Jesus named as a recipient? Prizes are earned for overcoming challenges. The second person of the Trinity is not challenged by anything - certainly not by ethical issues - and He is the one who gives prizes to us, not vice versa.


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Liberty represents these four basic rights: to life and physical safety, to property, to choice and expression of personal beliefs, and to choice and pursuit of personal interests. The State exists to protect individual rights, and society exists to provide opportunity for individuals to voluntarily associate with others to engage in commerce, to share ideas, and to pursue common peaceable interests. Any person, whether acting as a private party or as an agent of the State, is guilty of violating these rights when that person commits assault against person and property, theft of property, fraudulent trade, coercion to prevent peaceable speech and pursuit of peaceable interest, or coercion to adopt and express undesired beliefs and to pursue undesired interests. Liberty is advanced with the broadening of support for individual rights within a society, with legislation that brings a body of laws into greater compliance with individual rights, and with the overthrow of tyrannical governments that have violated the rights of the people and that have abolished all means of seeking redress of grievances against the crimes of the State.    -- A Statement of Individual Rights, finalized version July 9, 2003